Timeline

1600s-1700s
  • 1682 - LaSalle claims Mississippi Valley for France
  • 1763 - Treaty of Paris; Spanish obtain territory from France
  • 1769 - Lewis Blanchette settles "Les Petites Cotes" meaning "little hills"
  • 1769-1799 Daniel Boone builds log cabin in Saint Charles County
  • 1791 - Les Petites Cotes" becomes "San Carlos" to honor Charles IV of Spain with the name of his patron saint, Bishop Carlos Borromeo
  • 1791 - Borromeo Church is established
1800s
  • 1803 - The Louisiana Purchase
  • 1804 - Land transferred from France to US; Spanish name of San Carlos is anglicized to Saint Charles
  • 1804 - Lewis and Clark expedition heads west from Saint Charles
  • 1805 - St. Louis is capitol of Louisiana Territory
  • 1809 - St. Charles is incorporated as a city
  • 1812 - Saint Charles County is organized as one of the five original Missouri counties
  • 1815 - Treaty of Portage des Sioux
  • 1818 - Academy of the Sacred Heart established by Philippine Duchesne
  • 1820 - Daniel Boone dies and is buried in Defiance
  • 1821 - Missouri becomes the 24th state
  • 1821-1826 - Saint Charles is Missouri state capitol
  • 1827 - Lindenwood College opens
  • 1830s - German immigration increases due, in part, to a book observing life in the area
  • 1849 - City of Saint Charles is incorporated
  • 1850 - Railroad construction begins
  • 1871 - First railroad bridge to span the Missouri River opens
  • 1874 - First railroad car rolls off the line at the St. Charles Car Company
  • 1876 - Cyclone destroys city
  • 1879 & 1881 - Spans of the Railroad Bridge collapse
  • 1885 - St. Joseph Hospital opens
  • 1892 - Katy Railroad Depot opens
  • 1894 - Three railroads completed
  • 1899 - St. Charles Car Company merges to form American Car & Foundry
1900s
  • 1901 - County Court House is started
  • 1904 - First highway bridge to Saint Charles opens in time for the Worlds Fair in St. Louis; Streetcar service becomes available
  • 1916 - Tornado destroys Borromeo Church
  • 1921-1924 - Construction on modern highway system begins
  • 1931 - Daniel Boone Bridge opens, spans Missouri River
  • 1932 - Streetcar service ends
  • 1935 - Spans of railroad bridge collapse
  • 1945 - American Car & Foundry switches production to build light tanks for the war effort
  • 1958 - Katy Depot closes
  • 1959 - American Car & Foundry ceases production
  • 1969 - First State Capitol declared a State Historic Site
  • 1976 - Current City Hall is constructed - gold glass "reflects our past and shines on our future"
  • 1979 - Katy Depot is relocated to Frontier Park
  • 1992 - Discovery Bridge opens
  • 1993 - Great Flood
  • 1994 - Clark Bridge links Saint Charles & Illinois
  • 1997 - Highway 115 Bridge is demolished
2000s
  • 2000 - Census marks population at 283,000
  • 2004 - Part of the railroad foundry is renovated as a The Foundry Art Centre
  • 2009 - St. Charles celebrates 200 years as an incorporated city